When Tom Cruise wore his ray ban sunglasses inside the 1986 film Top Gun, he personified an awesome, masculine hero. Like Marlon Brando’s leather Perfecto jacket from the Wild One (1953) and Marilyn Monroe’s white dress yourself in The Seven Year Itch (1955), Cruise’s teardrop-shaped Aviators are an iconic symbol in film history.
Few sunglasses symbolize adventure, freedom and elegance around Aviators, however they were originally made to protect pilots’ eyes from cold, wind and sun during a period when they wore leather helmets and goggles. As technology improved and planes flew higher, goggles were lined with fur to guard pilots’ eyes from the cold air at higher altitudes.
In 1920, an American Army pilot named Rudolph “Shorty” Schroeder set the record for flying a wide open cockpit biplane over an altitude of over 10,000m. Schroeder nearly died throughout the recordbreaking flight after raising his goggles for just a moment to look for his oxygen tank.
It was reported that in that altitude, moisture trapped between Schroeder’s goggles with his fantastic eyelids caused his eyeballs to freeze and that he subsequently lost control over his plane. The aircraft dove 9,000m before he regained control, as soon as on the ground, Schroeder was helped out of the cockpit by fellow pilot John Macready.
The shocking sight of Schroeder’s frozen eyes was said to be the catalyst for Macready to begin with utilizing eyewear manufacturers Bausch & Lomb – parent company from what would later become ray bans online australia– to develop eyewear that will protect pilots’ eyes at high altitudes.
In 1936, Macready assisted Bausch & Lomb to find a dark enough tint that could relieve eyestrain for pilots.
“My dad gave Bausch & Lomb the original shape, tint, and fit for Aviator lenses,” John Macready’s daughter, Sally Macready Wallace, told New York City Times magazine.
When The Second World War broke out, metal-rimmed Aviator sunglasses – model number AN6531 – became standard problem for enlisted personnel in america Army Air Corps and Navy, and General Douglas MacArthur was photographed landing over a beach inside the Philippines wearing them.
The fashion first became loved by most people in the 1940s. Throughout the 50s and 60s, other eyewear models like cat-eye and plastic-framed sunglasses grew in popularity, but fishermen and sportsmen remained loyal to Aviators for his or her anti-glare properties.
The next time Aviators had widespread popularity was in the 1970s. New tints and lighter frames were on the list of developments that appealed to females and increased the popularity of the model. During this time, feminist icon Gloria Steinem started wearing her signature Ray-Ban Aviators. Feminist fashion had been a fact, and suddenly Aviators possessed a new following.
“The style seems to provide a certain idea of the United States, in the ‘good past.’ They give mind Top Gun or Steve McQueen and give a specific ruggedness to the wearer. They dexlpky73 simple and easy essential. This is why the Aviator shape is amongst the most iconic shapes in recent history, and why it became the ultimate no-frills frame,” says Aroun Ducroux, founding father of designer eyewear brand LOTHO.
The design again lost some of its popularity inside the 1980s until Michael Jackson wore Aviators for the Grammys in 1984 and Tom Cruise along with other cast members wore them in Top Gun. (Cruise had sported Ray-Ban’s Wayfarers in their 1982 movie Risky Business as part of a product or service placement deal with Ray-Ban.)
Michael Jackson, a perennial fan of the style, wore ray ban sale australia during his legendary Super Bowl show in 1993, and the stylish shades reappeared on the silver screen in 1998, this time worn by Johnny Depp in Fear and Loathing in Vegas.
Today, Aviators have fans across the globe. The soon-to-be-80-year-old style remains perched on countless noses worldwide, and it seems the timeless aviatorstyle sunglasses are here to remain.